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  • InBaby Nursery, Babyproofing, Non-toxic Home

    25 Ways to Create a Safe, Non-toxic Environment for Your Baby

    25 Ways to Create a SAFE and non-toxic space for your baby. Our biggest concerns for baby safety and our top tips along with some great resources for further reading. #babysafety #nontoxic #babysafe #babyproofing

    While we're serious about protecting our babies from physical harm, true safety is really about so much more than that.  I believe it's a HUGE oversight to ignore safety from toxic chemicals in a developing child's environment.  What they're eating, breathing and touching on a regular basis greatly impacts their little bodies in ways we can't always see – but that doesn't make it any less important.

    We enlisted the help of our green blogging friends to create the ultimate list of priorities.  We asked them what their biggest concerns for baby safety were and incorporated them into our top tips along with some great resources for further reading.

    1. Keep the Poison Control Hotline number posted and visible
    2. Make sure smoke alarm batteries are replaced regularly
    3. Install carbon monoxide detectors in the right places
    4. Cover unused electrical outlets and make electrical cords inaccessible
    5. Bolt or remove tall and unstable furniture
    6. Keep trash cans securely closed and out of reach (they’re full of germs and dangerous plastic bags)
    7. Use cordless blinds or keep blind cords properly secured out of reach
    8. Check your plants and remove poisonous varieties
    9. Consider babyproofing doors that could pinch fingers
    10. Install removable door bumpers and door handle covers to deter opening
    11. Make sure pet litter boxes are not accessible
    12. Watch for sharp corners and affix bumper guards where necessary
    13. Use gates around stairs (but never use pressure-mounted gates at the top of the stairs)
    14. Secure medications, cleaning supplies, and heavy jars/cans in cabinets with childproof locks (discover which locks work best for different situations)
    15. Choose a crib with slats that are close together and that is deep enough to keep the baby/toddler inside
    16. Be sure to keep cribs/beds and bassinets away from window and use window locks to insure windows can only open a small way
    17. Keep baby monitors out of the crib
    18. Improve indoor air quality by decreasing synthetic fragrances from personal care products, fumes from indoor paint and furniture polish, bleach, dryer sheets, and off-gassing of chemicals (like formaldehyde) from compressed wood furniture, wrinkle-free sheets and vinyl (PVC) flooring.
    19. Feed your baby homemade meals using organic, locally grown food whenever possible and choose food packaged in glass or BPA-free containers for those times when you're on the go (and when preparing your meals, skip BPA lined aluminum cans and store your food in BPA-free containers)
    20. Avoid foods and medications made with artificial coloring (in fact, try making your own natural remedies when possible)
    21. Choose pacifiers, teethers and toys made without BPA, vinyl (PVC), phthalates, lead, flame retardants and lead-based paint
    22. Choose beddingpajamas and swaddling blankets made from non-flame resistant organic cotton (grown without pesticides)
    23. Use certified organic skincare products made without toxic chemicals (DO NOT be fooled by “all natural” and even “organic”claims – what you don't know CAN hurt you!)
    24. Purchase baby mattresses made from organic cotton and not treated with halogenated flame retardants or wrapped in vinyl (PVC) plastic
    25. Make sure older homes (pre 1978) and child care facilities are free of lead-based paint hazards (shockingly, lead is STILL one of the largest avoidable and totally preventable sources of environmental poisoning in our environment!)
  • InBabyproofing, DIY & How-to

    4 Ways to Childproof Your Home for the Holidays

    4 Ways to Childproof Your Home for the Holidays by www.thesoftlanding.comPhysical harm such as choking on decorations or playing with the outlet where Christmas lights are plugged in are not the only concerns. Surprisingly, toxic chemicals like lead in PVC trees and lights also play a big role in creating an unsafe environment too.

    Christmas trees

    Most artificial trees are made from PVC plastic. Not only is PVC loaded with toxic chemicals, its production also results in emission of dioxin and ethylene dichloride. And to top it off, lead is often used as a stabilizer in PVC to make artificial trees more resistant to light and weathering. Lead has been linked to kidney, liver, neurological and reproductive system damage.

    You may not believe it, but some Christmas trees are even required to carry warning labels because they shed lead-laden dust, exposing children to the toxic chemical! Many artificial trees are also treated with flame retardants. But that’s necessary for our safety you say, right? Well not always – even the treated trees can still catch fire.

    Real trees make the perfect substitute for a PVC tree. Worried about allergies? Go with fir and spruce varieties – they do not contain irritating resins and can be tolerated by many with sensitivities to pine trees. Fresh trees are a also natural, renewable, reusable, recyclable source, and just think – you’re supporting US farmers and local businesses when you buy live Christmas trees.

    If you still prefer to go with an artificial tree, be sure to choose one made from polyethylene (often labeled with “PE”) that hasn’t been treated with flame retardants. If you find a PE tree you like and it has been treated, confirm with the manufacturer if the flame retardants non-halogenated.  Check out our PVC-free Christmas Tree Guide for a few options.

    • Go with a real tree or a PVC-free artificial tree
    • Keep live trees watered to prevent fire hazard
    • Place breakable ornaments and string lights toward the top
    • Use a baby gate around the tree if needed for crawling babies
    • Stabilize the tree by using a large enough base for its size and installing a hook in the ceiling or wall and tying the treetop to the hook with twine or wire

    Christmas Lights

    Toxic chemicals are also found in Christmas lights. Most are made encased in PVC and lead is specifically chosen as the main stabilizer for the electrical wiring because of its flame retardant nature.  Lead-safe lights can be found on rare occasions here in the U.S. and will be certified as RoHS compliant which monitors the levels of toxic chemicals allowed in electrical products.  We found many options at Environmental Lights (look for their commercial strings that begin with the letter “C” or choose from their retail strings, icicle lights and nets).

    Keep in mind that lead doesn’t like to stay bound in the PVC cord casing, so it sloughs off and ends up on hands and in little mouths. So if you’re unable to invest in RoHS lights this year, just be careful to keep Christmas lights out of reach of your little ones and use gloves while decorating your tree – especially if you’re pregnant. Also keeping dust around the tree cleaned up and off of presents will go a long way in protecting your family.

    • Check light strands for frayed spots, broken sockets or loose connections
    • Choose RoHS compliant lights for for lead safety

    Holiday Fragrances

    Most commercial candles and fragrance sprays are made with a dangerous cocktail of petroleum, phthalates and synthetic “ fragrances” – a term which can be legally used to hide over 3,000 chemicals!

    Grandma's House

    Christmas gatherings are full of fun and a hubbub of activity.  So when visiting relatives in unfamiliar environments, take a few minutes to acquaint yourself with the baby's surroundings. Be sure to watch for the following hazards:

    • Open stairs and fireplaces
    • Large, unstable furniture and decorations
    • Uncovered outlets and runaway electrical cords
    • Hot pots cooking on front burners and unattended ovens
    • Table runners and tablecloths loaded with decorations and hot food
    • Unlocked cabinets containing medications and household cleaners
    • Choking/suffocation hazards like wrapping paper, plastic bags, foam peanuts and hard candies

    Need Professional Childproofing in Kansas City?

    The Soft Landing offers in-home, one-on-one childproofing consultation and installation for parents in Kansas City.  We're fully insured, Home Hazard Certified, and members of the International Association for Child Safety.
  • InBabyproofing, DIY & How-to

    How to Choose the Right Cabinet and Drawer Locks When Babyproofing Your Home

    Babyproofing Kitchen CabinetsChoosing the right cabinet and drawer locks for your home can be a daunting task.   With so many styles available, which is right for you?  An easy way to get started is to ask yourself a couple of questions:

    1. Is the area to be proofed highly used, moderately used or rarely used?
    2. Do you plan to have additional children in the future?
    3. Do you require easy installation?
    4. Is the furniture piece an antique?

    The answer to these questions along with the information below will help you determine which lock best fits your lifestyle, future plans and home design.

    Pros and Cons of Various Lock Styles

    Magnetic Cabinet/Drawer Locks
    • Hardware mount, great for highly used areas
    • Unique feature that allows parents to disable the lock, rendering it open.  This is great for the months or years between siblings that no childproof lock is needed
    • Holds door completely closed, no pinching of fingers possible
    • Durable
    • Higher price
    • Although any magnet will unlock, must have magnet available to open
    • Normally requires professional installation to ensure an exact fit
    Spring Action Cabinet/Drawer Locks
    • Very affordable
    • Hardware mount, great for highly used areas
    • Does allow door to open enough for the possibility of little fingers to get pinched
    • Normally requires professional installation to ensure an exact fit
    Adhesive Cabinet/Drawer Locks
    • Easy to install
    • Adhesive mount, great for moderately or rarely used cabinet and drawers
    • Good choice for antique furniture since no drilling is required
    • Higher price
    • May need to be replaced due to adhesive wear
    • Allows door to open enough for the possibility of little fingers to get pinched
    Sliding Cabinet Locks
    • Easy to install
    • Moderately priced
    • Depending on brand may allow door to open enough for the possibility of little fingers to get pinched
    • Only works on cabinets with door handles, not on drawers
    • Visually unappealing since it attaches to outside of cabinet
    • Not durable and breaks easy.  In many circumstances, this style of lock will need to be purchased several times.

    If you plan to have additional children in the future, consider spending a bit more money for higher quality locks that can re-used for future siblings.

    [box type=”info”]Need Help Installing Your Locks?[/box]

    The Soft Landing team is fully insured and members of the International Association for Child Safety, which means our safety consultants have taken and passed the association’s Home Hazards Test (HHT) which is based on a comprehensive curriculum about home hazards and prevention strategies. We offer in home, one-on-one childproofing consultation and installation for parents in Kansas City and surrounding areas.


  • InBaby Nursery, Babyproofing, Non-toxic Home

    Must Have Tips for Creating a Healthy, Non-toxic and Green Nursery

    Melissa Moog's Green Nursery

    Expert guest post by Melissa Moog, one of America’s original baby planners and founder of Itsabelly, a green baby concierge service.

    Over five years, ago I was given the most precious gift and miracle one could ever ask for. This gift was the ability to carry a little miracle inside my body for nine months and give birth to the most beautiful being I had ever laid eyes on, Isabella. She was the inspiration behind Itsabelly’s Guide to Going Green with Baby and our overall company mission.

    Today Isabella, our newborn twins (Peyton and Paxton), my husband’s and mom’s fight with cancer remain my primary motivation to stick to my mission and help educate expectant and new parents on how to live a more non-toxic life style. I believe there is no better place to start than where your baby spends most of her time sleeping, playing and bonding with her caregivers – the nursery. I want to share the most important tips on how to create a healthy, non-toxic and green nursery which in turn can also carry over into the rest of your home.

    First, the reason why you should create a toxin free environment for your baby is because chemical exposure for a baby's developing organs is ten more times more potent as compared to exposure for adults. With baby's developing tiny body it's crucial to protect your baby from toxic chemical exposure. As reported by EWG in 2005 after testing 10 samples of cord blood from unborn babies there were 287 chemicals found. Of the 287 chemicals detected it was found that 180 cause cancer in humans or animals, 217 are toxic to the brain and nervous system, and 208 cause birth defects or abnormal development in animal tests (EWG’s Body Burden – The Pollution in Newborns, July 14, 2005). This data alone can really freak parents out but it's important to realize you can't raise your baby in a bubble. However, parents can take charge and control how much toxic exposure baby has by avoiding the most dangerous chemicals as I list below in each area of the nursery. Please note this article is not written to scare parents but is focused as an educational piece so that you can take baby steps and create a healthy nursery environment for your little one that gives you peace of mind.

    As an Itsabelly Baby Planner, my key piece of advice when helping educate new or expectant parents that want to go toxin free and create a green nursery is to always have these primary questions at the forefront of your mind when purchasing baby products:

    1. What will go in your baby's mouth?
    2. What will touch your baby's skin?
    3. What will affect your baby's air quality?

    If you start with these important questions as stated in our Itsabelly’s Guide to Going Green with Baby which is packed with valuable information and tips on going green you'll be able to narrow down where you'll gain the most impact and create the healthiest environment possible for your baby.

    Nursery Furniture & Bedding

    So, let's start where baby spends the most time sleeping and that's usually in her crib. As a budget conscious parent myself I'm not interested in spending $800 on a sustainably produced, non-toxic birch wood crib but what I am interested in is how to create the most toxin free environment possible where my baby will spend most of her time sleeping.

    Consider these tips
    • Toxins you should avoid in mattresses are polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and chemical fire retardants
    • Purchase a toxin free, green crib mattress and bedding (ie. fitted sheet & mattress pad). Naturepedic carries a high quality and affordable line of mattresses and bedding that Itsabelly recommends.
    • In bedding you want to avoid dyes unless organic and chemical fire retardants
    • If you buy a regular crib make sure its made out of solid wood and formaldehyde-free.
    • When taking new furniture out of the box let it air out for at least a few weeks to allow it to off-gas.
    • Look for furniture that have non toxic finishes
    • Do not purchase particle board furniture and instead make sure to use solid wood, wicker, metal, or formaldehyde-free furniture.
    • Instead of buying new furniture re-use old furniture pieces. Sometimes your old dresser can be the one piece that becomes the inspiration for your design.

    Layette & Sleep Wear

    We all know purchasing organic clothing can be expensive and impractical especially when baby only wears onesies for a very short time. What Itsabelly suggests is to invest in just a few sleeping pieces such as organic sleep wear and sleep sacks since these items are what touches baby's skin most during her longer sleeping hours. Swaddle Designs has a beautiful organic sleep sack, swaddle blankets and crib bedding that Itsabelly loves. You can also purchase second hand organic clothing if you don't want to break the bank.


    When painting your baby's nursery it is very important to choose low or no-VOC paint and make sure the room is well ventilated which helps reduce your baby's exposure to inhaling toxic paint fumes. Itsabelly recommends that you look for paint brands with low or no VOCs that are less toxic by making sure they are certified by Green Seal and Scientific Certification Systems. The Soft Landing experts also refer to these green certification organizations and provide valuable tips in their article on the Pros and Cons of Low/No Voc Paint.


    • Try to go carpet free if possible since new synthetic carpets can off-gas VOCs.
    • If you have to install a new carpet make sure you go with more natural fibers like wool or hemp. FLOR and Nature's Carpet are two recommendations of company's who make natural fiber carpets.
    • Instead of carpet 100% sustainable hardwood with a natural non-toxic sealant and no UV protection is a great option. Try an organic cotton or wool accent rug to soften up the room.


    If you think about it diapers lay next to baby’s bottom consistently through out the day and night. It's frightening to think about all of the toxic chemicals being absorbed by your baby's skin from a diaper, not to mention thousands of disposables piling up high in our landfill. Here are the following toxins which you want to avoid (quoted from Real Diaper Association Facts):

    • Traces of Dioxin which is a carcinogenic chemical listed by the EPA as the most toxic cancer-linked chemical
    • Tributyl–tin (TBT) which causes hormonal problems in humans in animals
    • Sodium Polyacrylate which produces a gel-like substance when wet. A similar substance was revealed that the material used in super absorbency tampons in the early 1980's increased the risk of toxic shock syndrome.

    There are so many healthier, non-toxic and stylish diaper options out on the market today but here are a few of Itsabelly's non-toxic favorites: Seventh Generation (free & clear diapers), gDiapers (hybrid & biodegradable diaper), GroVia (cloth and biodegradable diaper).

    Skin Care

    It's important to choose skincare products like shampoo, soap and diaper cream that don't contain the harmful chemicals noted below. Your baby will absorb whatever is put against her skin so make sure to read product labels carefully to avoid these chemicals. My rule of thumb is if you can't pronounce or eat the ingredient on the label then don't put it on your baby's skin or in her mouth until you've done your research!

    • 1,4 Dioxane – This chemical is used as a foaming agent and found in many of the products that we use today, such as shampoos, liquid soaps, deodorants, laundry detergents, toothpastes and much more.
    • Formaldehyde exposure occurs everyday in the air that we breath and in the food that we eat. Formaldehyde is a colorless, odorless gas which can cause throat, nose, skin, and eye irritation.
    • Phthalates are another man-made chemical found in many of our personal care products. Phthalates are used to make plastics flexible and used in many fragrance oils to help prolong the fragrance's scent.
    • Parabens are used as a preservative in many cosmetics, foods and pharmaceutical products. Parabens can mimic the hormone estrogen and when absorbed through the skin, parabens have been linked to breast cancer and male reproductive abnormalities.

    Feeding, Teething & Toys

    When your baby is feeding, teething or playing think about products and foods she's placing in her mouth that might contain toxic chemicals which can be absorbed into her tiny body. My quick tips are:

    • Choose feeding/teething and toy products that are BPA, Phthalate, PVC , and Lead Free
    • Review non-toxic feeding, teething and skincare research, informative articles and cheat sheets from experts like to understand what you’re trying to avoid and why.
    • Choose organic foods so that you avoid toxic exposure to pesticides and hormones. EWG’s Dirty Dozen list is a great reference to use when your grocery shopping.
    • Choose food containers that are BPA Free & Phthalate Free
    • Make sure you check the recycle symbol on your food containers and avoid plastics with recycling codes #3, #6 and most containers with #7. Review The Soft Landing's article “Avoid Toxic Plastics Using Recycling Codes as a General Guide” for more detailed information on what containers to use and avoid.
  • InBabyproofing, Non-toxic Home

    Common Levels of Phthalate Plasticizers Leads to Higher Risk of Early Miscarriage

    Early Pregnancy LossFor the first time, researchers examined exposure to a phthalate commonly used in plastics and miscarriage in humans.  They found that women exposed near the time of conception to a particular phthalate (DEHP), are more likely to miscarry early in the pregnancy compared to women with lower exposures.  It's interesting to note that exposure to this plasticizing chemical the month before conception didn't have the same effect on the pregnancy.

    Environmental Health Perspectives explains that adults are exposed to phthalates primarily through diet. Phthalates are used to make vinyl (PVC) plastics softer and more flexible. Food packaging, medical tubing and children's toys can contain the chemicals. Other phthalates are also found in certain personal care products, such as fingernail polish, perfumes and cosmetics. Because of their wide use, exposure is ubiquitous and continuous.

    How to Avoid Phthalates in Plastic

    • Be aware that coatings of many common drugs and supplements often contain phthalates.  Phthalate coatings on capsules and pills are used to help regulate their timed release function in the digestive system.
    • Skip commercial food wrap, as it's typically made from PVC plastic combined with phthalates to make it stretchy and flexible.
    • Avoid buying vinyl (#3, PVC) plastics that commonly contain phthalates.  The list of possbilities goes on forever including many toys, shower curtains, baby bibs, teethers, bath seats/gear, pet toys, 99% of all inflatable toys, nap mats and shower curtains – just to name a few.
    • If you have vinyl flooring in your home, damp mop regularly since phthalates bind to dust on the floor.  Direct sunlight on vinyl tiles causes it to release phthalates more quickly so put lower blinds on windows that shine directly on flooring. Finally, if you’re already considering replacing the flooring, choose non-vinyl options such as cork, linoleum, wood or stone.
    • Search our safer product database for phthalate-free products.
  • InBabyproofing, Non-toxic Home

    5 High Impact Ways to Create a Healthy Home Environment for Kids

    5 High Impact Ways to Create a Healthy Home Environment for KidsThe Canadian Partnership for Children's Health and Environment released some amazingly helpful tips for parents who want to decrease toxic chemical exposure but aren't quite sure where to start.

    1. Bust That Dust

    House dust is one of the main sources of children’s exposure to toxic substances, most of which come from normal wear-and-tear on consumer products.

    • Clean with a good quality vacuum, or simply a damp cloth or wet mop. (Dry dusting just circulates the dust back into the air.) Vacuum or wet-mop once a week; twice a week if you have a crawling child.
    • Take your shoes off at the door to minimize the amount of dirt brought inside. Use washable entrance mats, and launder them separately from clothing.
    • Reduce the amount of dust in the home by minimizing clutter and by storing toys in closed containers.
    • Helpful resources:

    2. Go Green When You Clean

    • Wash your hands often, using regular soap and warm water: doctors recommend against using antibacterial soaps.
    • Use non-toxic cleaning products. Baking soda is a good scouring powder for sinks and tubs, and vinegar mixed with water works well for windows, surfaces and floors.You don’t need to use bleach for most cleaning tasks.
    • Don’t use air “fresheners.” Also, choose fragrance-free laundry detergents, and avoid using dryer sheets. The fragrances (or “parfum”) in these products can contain potentially harmful chemicals.
    • Avoid dry cleaning, or find a cleaner that uses non-toxic methods. closed containers.
    • And, of course, keep all cleaners and other household chemicals out of the reach of children.
    • Helpful  resources:

    3.  Get Drastic with Plastic

    4.  Renovate Right

    • Children and pregnant women should stay away from areas being renovated, to avoid being exposed to potentially harmful substances.
    • Control and contain all dust. Seal off the rest of the house from the renovation site with plastic sheeting and duct tape and close heating and cooling vents. particularly in older homes (built before 1978), renovation dust can contain high levels of lead, which is toxic to the developing brain.
    • Choose less toxic paints, finishes and glues. Look for products labeled “VOC-free,” “zero-VOC” or “low-VoC.” open the windows and use fans to bring in fresh air during and after use of these products.
    • Keep your work clothes and shoes in a separate hamper, or in a shed or garage. wash them separately from other laundry.
    • Helpful resources:

    5.  Dish Safer Fish

    • Choose varieties of fish that are low in mercury, a chemical that is harmful to the brain. Healthier choices include atlantic mackerel, herring, rainbow trout, wild or canned salmon, and tilapia.
    • If you eat canned tuna, look for “light” varieties, as these are lower in mercury than albacore or “white” tuna.
    • If you catch sport fish in local waters, check your province’s or territory’s advisories to see whether it is safe to eat.
    • Helpful resources:

    See?  You can do it!  CPCHE's tips align perfectly with our mission of helping you navigate the overwhelming world of the most worrisome toxic chemicals one simple step at a time.  Small changes make for big results in this world of little exposures that pile up to affect your body burden.

    >> Download the full brochure “Creating Healthy Environments for Kids” for more great info.

  • InBaby Nursery, Babyproofing

    Steering Clear of Lead in Baby Bibs

    /We've been aware of the dangers caused by lead exposure in children for many years now, but you have to wonder how in the world a baby bib could end up contaminated with lead, right? It turns out that lead is almost always tied to the presence of PVC (also called vinyl) in baby bibs.

    Throughout my research, I kept ending up right back at the Center for Environmental Health (CEH) website. The following are some great questions and answers from their Lead in Baby Bibs FAQ:

    • How do I know if my baby's bib has vinyl parts? Most bibs have a tab that lists the materials used to make the bib. If your child's bib is labeled “polyvinyl chloride”, or “vinyl”, or “PVC” it may contain lead.
    • Is lead dangerous? Childhood lead exposure has a profound effect on developing brains. It can lead to brain damage, lowered IQ, attention deficit, and behavioral problems.
    • Why do they put lead in bibs? Some manufacturers intentionally add lead to vinyl (PVC) plastic as a stabilizing agent or a pigment. But there are safer alternatives. PVC can be made without lead, and bibs can be made from other plastics besides PVC. Bibs can also be made without plastic.
    • How serious a health threat are these lead tainted bibs? Stores were selling bibs that had lead levels three to four times greater that the legal limit for lead in paint. We take this health threat seriously, but we urge parents not to panic. The lead levels are not high enough by themselves to cause acute lead poisoning during normal use. But we also urge parents to keep in mind that children are exposed to many sources of lead. Parents can do a lot to protect their children from lead simply by testing bibs and other suspicious products and getting rid of the ones that test positive for lead.
    • Are there other problems with vinyl? From the factory to the home to the garbage incinerator, vinyl products are toxic from start to finish. When burned, vinyl releases dioxins, chemicals that can cause cancer and harm the immune and reproductive systems. Many vinyl products contain additional chemicals, including phthalates which confuse the body's hormone systems. Vinyl is also very difficult to recycle.
    • My baby's bib (or toy, etc.) was made in China. Is it safe? The fact that your item was made in China does not make it unsafe. We've found many lead-free toys, bibs, and other items that were made in China. We've also found lead-contaminated products that were made in the United States. The only way to know if your items are contaminated with lead is to test them.
    • Why are there so many dangerous Chinese products? What can we do about this? Huge retailers in our country are always cutting costs. They insist that their foreign and American manufacturers make products as cheaply as possible. This economic pressure favors dangerously cheap production at the expense of consumer safety. Retailers will tell you that they are simply responding to pressure from the American consumer who demands low prices. There are many things you can do about this: support small local businesses, write to the big retailers and urge them to protect consumer health, write to the Consumer Product Safety Commission and urge it to live up to its name. You can also support organizations like Center for Environmental Health.

    I hope the CEH tips enlighten you as much as they did me. Also, keep in mind that while Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) contains the word “vinyl” it's not the same as Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC). Baby bibs and toys made from EVA are widely accepted as safe.